Our "No Return Necessary"
Money-Back Guarantee

If you don’t like something of ours, guess what happens next?

No, we don’t request you deliver it to a PO box in the Gobi Desert by carrier pigeon. Nor do we ask you to fill a cursed inkwell with orc’s blood and demon saliva and then use it to complete reams of return forms written in ancient Cyrillic script.

We just . . . wait for it . . . give you your money back. Holy moo cows. And that means you can say "yes" now and decide later.

Will Recharge help you pack on brain-shrinking amounts of muscle in 30 days flat? No.

Will it add another plate or two to the bar? Absolutely not.

But will Recharge help you train harder, recover better, and gain faster? Yes. Or your money back.

  • Total formulation transparency (no proprietary blends)[7] This means you know exactly what’s in every serving of Recharge—every dose of every ingredient—and can verify the accuracy and efficacy of the formulation.
  • Certified to contain no banned substances by Labdoor, the gold standard of third-party lab testing[8] Before you buy a sports supplement, you should know that it's clean, safe, and transparent. And that's exactly what Labdoor's third-party testing and certification means.
  • Made in the USA with globally sourced ingredients in NSF-certified and FDA-inspected and cGMP-compliant facilities

Recharge is also backed by our “No Return Necessary” money-back guarantee that works like this:

If you don’t absolutely love Recharge, just let us know, and we’ll give you a full refund on the spot. No forms or returns necessary.

So order now, try Recharge risk free, and see for yourself why it’s one of the most popular all-natural post-workout supplements in the world (over 400,000 bottles sold and counting!).

Will Recharge help you pack on brain-shrinking amounts of muscle in 30 days flat? No.

Will it add another plate or two to the bar? Absolutely not.

But is Recharge a natural[1] Some popular post-workout supplements are all-natural. Some contain the right mix of high-quality ingredients. Some provide clinically effective doses. But only Recharge checks each of these boxes. post-workout supplement with clinically effective doses[2] Every serving of Recharge contains 7.1 grams of active ingredients that have been shown to be safe and effective in peer-reviewed scientific research. of ingredients scientifically shown[3] Each active ingredient in Recharge is backed by published scientific studies that show benefits in healthy humans. to increase muscle and strength gain, improve recovery, and reduce muscle soreness?

And will it help you train harder, recover better, and gain faster?

Yes. Or your money back.

  • 44 peer-reviewed scientific studies support Recharge's combination of ingredients and doses[4] That’s 486 pages of scientific research that shows Recharge works exactly like we say it does.
  • Contains no artificial sweeteners, flavors, food dyes, or other chemical junk[5] While these types of chemicals may not be as dangerous as some people claim, studies suggest that regular consumption of them may indeed be harmful to our health. And that’s why you won’t find them in Recharge.
  • Analyzed for purity and potency in a state-of-the-art ISO 17025 accredited lab[6] Every bottle of Recharge is guaranteed to provide exactly what the label claims and nothing else—no heavy metals, microbes, allergens, or other contaminants.
  • Total formulation transparency (no proprietary blends)[7] This means you know exactly what’s in every serving of Recharge—every dose of every ingredient—and can verify the accuracy and efficacy of the formulation.
  • Certified to contain no banned substances by Labdoor, the gold standard of third-party lab testing[8] Before you buy a sports supplement, you should know that it's clean, safe, and transparent. And that's exactly what Labdoor's third-party testing and certification means.
  • Made in the USA with globally sourced ingredients in NSF-certified and FDA-inspected and cGMP-compliant facilities

Recharge is also backed by our “No Return Necessary” money-back guarantee that works like this:

If you don’t absolutely love Recharge, just let us know, and we’ll give you a full refund on the spot. No forms or returns necessary.

So order now, try Recharge risk free, and see for yourself why it’s one of the most popular all-natural post-workout supplements in the world (over 400,000 bottles sold and counting!).

Notice to California Consumers

WARNING: Consuming this product can expose you to chemicals including lead which is known to the State of California to cause cancer and birth defects or other reproductive harm. For more information go to www.P65Warnings.ca.gov/food.

Legion Recharge Post-Workout Ingredients (7.11 grams per serving)

Micronized Creatine Monohydrate (5 grams per serving)

Creatine is a natural compound made up of the amino acids L-arginine, glycine, and methionine. Our body can produce creatine naturally, but it can also absorb and store creatine found in various foods like meat, eggs, and fish.

Creatine monohydrate is creatine with one molecule of water attached to it. This form of creatine has been around (and studied) for decades and is a tried-and-true winner, whereas other forms have failed to produce better results.

The creatine monohydrate in Recharge has also been micronized, which is a process that produces very fine particles that are more water soluble and easier to digest. Thus, micronized creatine monohydrate mixes better with liquid than the non-micronized form and is less likely to upset sensitive stomachs.

Research shows that supplementation with creatine monohydrate . . .

  • Boosts muscle and strength gain[9][10][11][12]
  • Improves anaerobic endurance[13][14][15][16][17][18]
  • Reduces muscle damage and soreness from exercise[19][20]
  • Increases the amount of glycogen your muscles can store[21]
  • Helps preserve lean mass and strength while restricting calories[22]

And in case you’re worried that creatine is bad for your kidneys, these claims have been horribly overblown.[23][24] Creatine supplementation isn’t advised in cases of kidney disease treated by diuretics, but in healthy people, both short- and long-term usage of creatine has no harmful side effects.[25][26][27]

The clinically effective dose of creatine monohydrate is 3 to 5 grams.[28]

Micronized Creatine Monohydrate

L-Carnitine L-Tartrate (2.1 grams per serving)

L-carnitine is a naturally occurring amino acid found mostly in meat and dairy products. It’s “conditionally essential,” which means our body can produce it as long as we’re also eating enough of two other amino acids it can’t produce, lysine and methionine.

L-tartrate is a salt used to increase the absorption of other nutrients.

L-carnitine serves several vital functions in the body, mostly related to the production of cellular energy.[29] Thus, it’s not surprising that most of the L-carnitine in your body is found in your muscles, which have to be able to quickly generate a tremendous amount of energy.[30]

Additionally, when you supplement with L-carnitine, you greatly increase your body’s carnitine stores, and your muscles’ stores in particular.[31] This is why research shows that supplementation with L-carnitine L-tartrate . . .

  • Reduces exercise-induced muscle damage and soreness[32][33][34]
  • Improves muscle repair[35]
  • Improves insulin sensitivity[36]

The clinically effective dose of L-carnitine L-tartrate is 1 to 2 grams.[37]

L-Carnitine L-Tartrate

Corosolic Acid (10.5 milligrams per serving)

Corosolic acid is a substance that comes from the leaves of the banaba plant.

It inhibits the activity of an enzyme that blunts insulin’s effects on cells called PTB1B, and by doing this, allows insulin to shuttle more nutrients into cells.

This is why research shows that supplementation with corosolic acid improves blood glucose control and enhances insulin signaling, which in turn enhances post-workout nutrient absorption.[38]

The clinically effective dose of corosolic acid is 10 milligrams.[39]

Corosolic Acid

100% Naturally Sweetened & Flavored

While artificial sweeteners may not be as dangerous as some people claim, studies suggest that regular consumption of these chemicals may indeed be harmful to our health.[40][41][42][43][44][45]

That’s why we use the natural sweeteners stevia and erythritol instead. Studies show that these ingredients are not only safe but can also confer several health benefits, including better insulin sensitivity, enhanced cholesterol profile, lower inflammation levels, and more.[46][47][48][49]

No Artificial Food Dyes or Other Chemical Junk

No Artificial Food Dyes or Other Chemical Junk

As with artificial sweeteners, artificial food dyes aren’t a hazard per se, but studies show they can cause negative effects in some people, including gastrointestinal toxicity and behavioral disorders.[50][51][52][53][54]

That’s why we use natural coloring derived from fruits and other foods, as well as natural flavoring.

No Artificial Food Dyes or Other Chemical Junk

Lab Tested for Potency & Purity

Every bottle of Recharge is analyzed in a state-of-the-art ISO 17025 accredited lab to verify what is and isn’t in it. That way, you know exactly what you’re getting and putting into your body.

Lab Tested for Potency & Purity
Recharge Lab Test Recharge Lab Test

See how Legion Recharge post-workout compares to the rest.

  • Clinically Effective Ingredients & Doses
  • Creatine Monohydrate
  • L-Carnitine
    L-Tartrate
  • Corosolic Acid
  • Natural Ingredients
  • Naturally Sweetened
    & Flavored
  • Lab Tested
  • Labdoor Certified Product
  • Price Per Serving
  • Legion
    Recharge

    Recharge
  • True
  • 5 g
    per serving
  • 2.1 g
    per serving
  • 10.5 mg
    per serving
  • True
  • True
  • True
  • True
  • $
  • Post JYM

    Post JYM Post-Workout
  • False
  • False
  • 2 g
    per serving
  • False
  • False
  • False
  • Question Mark
  • False
  • $1.27
  • PEScience
    TruCreatine+

    PEScience TruCreatine+
  • True
  • 5 g
    per serving
  • False
  • False
  • Question Mark
  • N/A
  • Question Mark
  • False
  • $0.67
  • Cellucor
    M5 Ultimate

    Cellucor M5 Ultimate
  • True
  • 5 g
    per serving
  • False
  • False
  • False
  • False
  • Question Mark
  • False
  • $1.99

The #1 brand of all-natural sports supplements.

Over 4,000,000 bottles sold to over 800,000 customers who have left us over 45,000 5-star reviews.

Natural Ingredients
No Chemical Junk

Recharge doesn’t just “contain natural ingredients”—every ingredient is naturally sourced. We don’t use artificial or synthetic substances of any kind.

Clinically Effective Doses
Clinically Effective Ingredients & Doses

Every ingredient and dose (important!) in Recharge is backed by peer-reviewed scientific research demonstrating clear benefits.

Naturally Sweetened & Flavored
Naturally Sweetened & Flavored

Recharge is naturally sweetened and flavored with healthy, plant-based sweeteners and flavors.

Lab Tested
Lab Tested

Recharge is tested by third-party labs for heavy metals, microbes, allergens, and other contaminants to ensure it meets FDA purity standards.

Made in USA
Made in USA with Globally Sourced Ingredients

Recharge is proudly made in America in NSF-certified and FDA-inspected facilities in accordance with the Current Good Manufacturing Practice (cGMP) regulations.

100% Money-Back-Guarantee
"No Return Necessary"
Money-Back Guarantee

If you don't absolutely love Recharge, you get a prompt and courteous refund. No forms or returns necessary.

Trusted by scientists, doctors, and everyday fitness folk alike.

Previous
  • Dr. Spencer Nadolsky, MD

    Board-Certified Family Medicine Physician, a Diplomate of the American Board of Obesity Medicine, and Legion Advisory Board Member

    "There are a lot of sleazy supplement companies out there, but Legion is not one of them. Their products are free of fillers and inactive ingredients and they take the time (and money) to test them with independent labs to ensure you're getting what you pay for."

  • Menno Henselmans, MS

    Founder of Bayesian Bodybuilding, Published Scientist, Physique Coach, and Legion Advisory Board Member

    "Legion consults with nutrition experts to make honest, science-based products and then proves they're genuine with independent lab work. That's how all supplement companies should operate."

  • Dr. Bill Campbell, PhD

    Professor of Exercise Science at University of South Florida and Legion Advisory Board Member

    "Legion is science-based at its core. All of their products contain doses proven to be effective by scientific studies, and they fund new research. They don't just want to sell you supplements—they want to change the supplement industry for the better."

  • James Krieger, MS

    Published Scientist, Author, and Speaker

    "There are three reasons I like Legion. First, they use ingredients backed by independent, peer-reviewed scientific studies. Second, the quality of their supplements exceeds many in the industry and you know you’re getting what’s on the label. Third, Mike Matthews is a solid evidence-based guy who doesn’t over-hype."

  • Chris Barakat, MS

    Published Scientist and Physique Coach

    "I've been involved in the supplement industry for over a decade now, and I can tell you that Legion is the ONLY company doing EVERYTHING right! They make effective products that are backed by scientific evidence, properly dose all of their ingredients, source every ingredient from the highest-quality sources, and are transparent about exactly what goes in each and every product."

  • Kurtis Frank

    Co-Founder and Former Lead Researcher & Writer of Examine.com

    "With Legion, you really do get what you pay for. Each and every product is packed with effective doses of effective ingredients, and what’s on the label is what's actually in the bottle."

  • Jordan Syatt

    Strength and Nutrition Coach

    "Legion is a tremendous company run by people I trust and respect. The quality of their supplements is second to no one. And while I don’t use many supplements, the only ones I do come from Legion."

  • Sal Di Stefano, Justin Andrews, and Adam Schafer

    Hosts of The Mind Pump Podcast

    "When it comes to quality and integrity, Legion is among the best. Their products only include ingredients that are backed by research and in doses that are proven to be effective in scientific studies."

Next

Frequently Asked Questions

How do I use Recharge?
How much of a difference will creatine make in my training?
Will I lose my gains when I stop taking creatine?
Is creatine a steroid?
Is creatine safe?
Is Recharge for men and women?
Is creatine bad for your kidney?
Does creatine make you bloated?
Do I need to cycle creatine?
Do I need to “load” creatine?
Should I use creatine when I’m dieting for fat loss or only when I’m dieting for muscle growth?
Which form of creatine is the best?
Does creatine cause baldness?
Does creatine cause cramping?
Recharge seems a bit expensive for a creatine product. What gives?
What does “clinically effective dosages” mean, anyway? Isn’t it just marketing lingo?
Should I take Recharge every day?
Recharge is too sweet/strong tasting for me. What should I do?
What does the Prop65 warning on the labels mean?
Is Recharge gluten-free?
Is Recharge vegetarian friendly?
Is Recharge vegan friendly?

+References

9. Effect of creatine supplementation on body composition and performance: a meta-analysis.

Branch JD. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2003 Jun;13(2):198-226. doi: 10.1123/ijsnem.13.2.198.

10. Effect of creatine and beta-alanine supplementation on performance and endocrine responses in strength/power athletes.

Hoffman J, Ratamess N, Kang J, Mangine G, Faigenbaum A, Stout J. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2006 Aug;16(4):430-46. doi: 10.1123/ijsnem.16.4.430.

11. Effects of two and five days of creatine loading on muscular strength and anaerobic power in trained athletes.

Law YL, Ong WS, GillianYap TL, Lim SC, Von Chia E. J Strength Cond Res. 2009 May;23(3):906-14. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181a06c59.

12. Effects of creatine supplementation and resistance training on muscle strength and weightlifting performance.

Rawson ES, Volek JS. J Strength Cond Res. 2003 Nov;17(4):822-31. doi: 10.1519/1533-4287(2003)017<0822:eocsar>2.0.co;2.

13. Effect of creatine phosphate supplementation on anaerobic working capacity and body weight after two and six days of loading in men and women.

Eckerson JM, Stout JR, Moore GA, Stone NJ, Iwan KA, Gebauer AN, Ginsberg R. J Strength Cond Res. 2005 Nov;19(4):756-63. doi: 10.1519/R-16924.1.

14. Combined creatine and sodium bicarbonate supplementation enhances interval swimming.

Mero AA, Keskinen KL, Malvela MT, Sallinen JM. J Strength Cond Res. 2004 May;18(2):306-10. doi: 10.1519/R-12912.1.

15. Effect of two and five days of creatine loading on anaerobic working capacity in women.

Eckerson JM, Stout JR, Moore GA, Stone NJ, Nishimura K, Tamura K. J Strength Cond Res. 2004 Feb;18(1):168-73. doi: 10.1519/1533-4287(2004)018<0168:eotafd>2.0.co;2.

16. Effects of high dose oral creatine supplementation on anaerobic capacity of elite wrestlers.

Koçak S, Karli U. J Sports Med Phys Fitness. 2003 Dec;43(4):488-92.

17. Effects of four weeks of high-intensity interval training and creatine supplementation on critical power and anaerobic working capacity in college-aged men.

Kendall KL, Smith AE, Graef JL, Fukuda DH, Moon JR, Beck TW, Cramer JT, Stout JR. J Strength Cond Res. 2009 Sep;23(6):1663-9. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181b1fd1f.

18. The effects of creatine loading and gender on anaerobic running capacity.

Fukuda DH, Smith AE, Kendall KL, Dwyer TR, Kerksick CM, Beck TW, Cramer JT, Stout JR. J Strength Cond Res. 2010 Jul;24(7):1826-33. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181e06d0e.

19. Effect of short-term creatine supplementation on markers of skeletal muscle damage after strenuous contractile activity.

Bassit RA, Pinheiro CH, Vitzel KF, Sproesser AJ, Silveira LR, Curi R. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2010 Mar;108(5):945-55. doi: 10.1007/s00421-009-1305-1. Epub 2009 Dec 3.

20. The effect of creatine supplementation upon inflammatory and muscle soreness markers after a 30km race.

Santos RV, Bassit RA, Caperuto EC, Costa Rosa LF. Life Sci. 2004 Sep 3;75(16):1917-24. doi: 10.1016/j.lfs.2003.11.036.

21. Muscle glycogen supercompensation is enhanced by prior creatine supplementation.

Nelson AG, Arnall DA, Kokkonen J, Day R, Evans J. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2001 Jul;33(7):1096-100. doi: 10.1097/00005768-200107000-00005.

22. Creatine supplementation affects muscle creatine during energy restriction.

Rockwell JA, Rankin JW, Toderico B. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2001 Jan;33(1):61-8. doi: 10.1097/00005768-200101000-00011.

23. Adverse effects of creatine supplementation: fact or fiction?

Poortmans JR, Francaux M. Sports Med. 2000 Sep;30(3):155-70. doi: 10.2165/00007256-200030030-00002.

24. American College of Sports Medicine roundtable. The physiological and health effects of oral creatine supplementation.

Terjung RL, Clarkson P, Eichner ER, Greenhaff PL, Hespel PJ, Israel RG, Kraemer WJ, Meyer RA, Spriet LL, Tarnopolsky MA, Wagenmakers AJ, Williams MH. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2000 Mar;32(3):706-17. doi: 10.1097/00005768-200003000-00024.

25. Effects of creatine supplementation on renal function.

Yoshizumi WM, Tsourounis C. J Herb Pharmacother. 2004;4(1):1-7.

26. Is the use of oral creatine supplementation safe?

Bizzarini E, De Angelis L. J Sports Med Phys Fitness. 2004 Dec;44(4):411-6.

27. Few adverse effects of long-term creatine supplementation in a placebo-controlled trial.

Groeneveld GJ, Beijer C, Veldink JH, Kalmijn S, Wokke JH, van den Berg LH. Int J Sports Med. 2005 May;26(4):307-13. doi: 10.1055/s-2004-817917.

28. Creatine supplementation and exercise performance: recent findings.

Bemben MG, Lamont HS. Sports Med. 2005;35(2):107-25. doi: 10.2165/00007256-200535020-00002.

29. L-carnitine--metabolic functions and meaning in humans life.

Pekala J, Patkowska-Sokoła B, Bodkowski R, Jamroz D, Nowakowski P, Lochyński S, Librowski T. Curr Drug Metab. 2011 Sep;12(7):667-78. doi: 10.2174/138920011796504536.

30. Pharmacokinetics of L-carnitine.

Evans AM, Fornasini G. Clin Pharmacokinet. 2003;42(11):941-67. doi: 10.2165/00003088-200342110-00002.

31. Chronic oral ingestion of L-carnitine and carbohydrate increases muscle carnitine content and alters muscle fuel metabolism during exercise in humans.

Wall BT, Stephens FB, Constantin-Teodosiu D, Marimuthu K, Macdonald IA, Greenhaff PL. J Physiol. 2011 Feb 15;589(Pt 4):963-73. doi: 10.1113/jphysiol.2010.201343. Epub 2011 Jan 4.

32. The effects of L-carnitine L-tartrate supplementation on hormonal responses to resistance exercise and recovery.

Kraemer WJ, Volek JS, French DN, Rubin MR, Sharman MJ, Gómez AL, Ratamess NA, Newton RU, Jemiolo B, Craig BW, Häkkinen K. J Strength Cond Res. 2003 Aug;17(3):455-62. doi: 10.1519/1533-4287(2003)017<0455:teolls>2.0.co;2.

33. L-Carnitine L-tartrate supplementation favorably affects markers of recovery from exercise stress.

Volek JS, Kraemer WJ, Rubin MR, Gómez AL, Ratamess NA, Gaynor P. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2002 Feb;282(2):E474-82. doi: 10.1152/ajpendo.00277.2001.

34. l-Carnitine l-tartrate supplementation favorably affects biochemical markers of recovery from physical exertion in middle-aged men and women.

Ho JY, Kraemer WJ, Volek JS, Fragala MS, Thomas GA, Dunn-Lewis C, Coday M, Häkkinen K, Maresh CM. Metabolism. 2010 Aug;59(8):1190-9. doi: 10.1016/j.metabol.2009.11.012.

35. l-Carnitine l-tartrate supplementation favorably affects biochemical markers of recovery from physical exertion in middle-aged men and women.

Ho JY, Kraemer WJ, Volek JS, Fragala MS, Thomas GA, Dunn-Lewis C, Coday M, Häkkinen K, Maresh CM. Metabolism. 2010 Aug;59(8):1190-9. doi: 10.1016/j.metabol.2009.11.012.

36. Effects of oral L-carnitine supplementation on insulin sensitivity indices in response to glucose feeding in lean and overweight/obese males.

Galloway SD, Craig TP, Cleland SJ. Amino Acids. 2011 Jul;41(2):507-15. doi: 10.1007/s00726-010-0770-5.

37. Responses of criterion variables to different supplemental doses of L-carnitine L-tartrate.

Spiering BA, Kraemer WJ, Vingren JL, Hatfield DL, Fragala MS, Ho JY, Maresh CM, Anderson JM, Volek JS. J Strength Cond Res. 2007 Feb;21(1):259-64. doi: 10.1519/00124278-200702000-00046.

38. Effect of corosolic acid on postchallenge plasma glucose levels.

Fukushima M, Matsuyama F, Ueda N, Egawa K, Takemoto J, Kajimoto Y, Yonaha N, Miura T, Kaneko T, Nishi Y, Mitsui R, Fujita Y, Yamada Y, Seino Y. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2006 Aug;73(2):174-7. doi: 10.1016/j.diabres.2006.01.010.

39. Effect of corosolic acid on postchallenge plasma glucose levels.

Fukushima M, Matsuyama F, Ueda N, Egawa K, Takemoto J, Kajimoto Y, Yonaha N, Miura T, Kaneko T, Nishi Y, Mitsui R, Fujita Y, Yamada Y, Seino Y. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2006 Aug;73(2):174-7. doi: 10.1016/j.diabres.2006.01.010.

40. Artificial Sweeteners: History and New Concepts on Inflammation.

Basson AR, Rodriguez-Palacios A, Cominelli F. Front Nutr. 2021;8:746247. Published 2021 Sep 24. doi:10.3389/fnut.2021.746247.

41. Non-caloric artificial sweeteners and the microbiome: findings and challenges.

Suez J, Korem T, Zilberman-Schapira G, Segal E, Elinav E. Gut Microbes. 2015;6(2):149-155. doi:10.1080/19490976.2015.1017700.

42. What made Canada become a country with the highest incidence of inflammatory bowel disease: could sucralose be the culprit?

Qin X. Department of Surgery, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, New Jersey Medical School, Newark, New Jersey, USA. Can J Gastroenterol. 2011 Sep;25(9):511.

43. Artificial Sweeteners Negatively Regulate Pathogenic Characteristics of Two Model Gut Bacteria, E. coli and E. faecalis.

Shil A, Chichger H. Int J Mol Sci. 2021;22(10):5228. Published 2021 May 15. doi:10.3390/ijms22105228.

44. Artificial sweeteners induce glucose intolerance by altering the gut microbiota.

Suez J, Korem T, Zeevi D, et al. Nature. 2014;514(7521):181-186. doi:10.1038/nature13793.

45. High-intensity sweetener consumption and gut microbiome content and predicted gene function in a cross-sectional study of adults in the United States.

Frankenfeld CL, Sikaroodi M, Lamb E, Shoemaker S, Gillevet PM. Ann Epidemiol. 2015;25(10):736-42.e4. doi:10.1016/j.annepidem.2015.06.083.

46. Steviol glycosides from Stevia: biosynthesis pathway review and their application in foods and medicine.

Yadav SK, Guleria P. CSIR-Institute of Himalayan Bioresource Technology, Palampur, 176061, HP, India. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2012;52(11):988-98.

47. Antioxidant, anti-diabetic and renal protective properties of Stevia rebaudiana.

Shivanna N, Naika M, Khanum F, Kaul VK. Department of Applied Nutrition, Defence Food Research Laboratory, Mysore, India. J Diabetes Complications. 2013 Mar-Apr;27(2):103-13.

48. Safety evaluation of certain food additives.

World Health Organization. WHO Press; 2006. Available at: http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2006/9241660546_eng.pdf. Accessed January 24, 2019.

49. Effects of Stevia rebaudiana (Bertoni) extract and N-nitro-L-arginine on renal function and ultrastructure of kidney cells in experimental type 2 Diabetes.

Ozbayer C, Kurt H, Kalender S, Ozden H, Gunes HV, Basaran A, Cakmak EA, Civi K, Kalender Y, Degirmenci I. Department of Medical Biology, Faculty of Medicine, Eskisehir Osmangazi University, Eskisehir, Turkey. J Med Food. 2011 Oct;14(10):1215-22.

50. Toxicological significance of azo dye metabolism by human intestinal microbiota.

Feng J, Cerniglia CE, Chen H. Division of Microbiology, National Center for Toxicological Research, US Food and Drug Administration, AR , USA. Front Biosci (Elite Ed). 2012 Jan 1;4:568-86.

51. Artificial food dyes and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.

Kanarek RB. Department of Psychology, Tufts University, Medford, Massachusetts, USA. Nutr Rev. 2011 Jul;69(7):385-91.

52. Meta-analysis of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder or attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms, restriction diet, and synthetic food color additives.

Nigg JT, Lewis K, Edinger T, Falk M. Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR, USA. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2012 Jan;51(1):86-97.e8.

53. Food additives and hyperactive behaviour in 3-year-old and 8/9-year-old children in the community: a randomised, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial.

McCann D, Barrett A, Cooper A, Crumpler D, Dalen L, Grimshaw K, Kitchin E, Lok K, Porteous L, Prince E, Sonuga-Barke E, Warner JO, Stevenson J. School of Psychology, Department of Child Health, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK. Lancet. 2007 Nov 3;370(9598):1560-7.

54. Effect of food azo dye tartrazine on learning and memory functions in mice and rats, and the possible mechanisms involved.

Gao Y, Li C, Shen J, Yin H, An X, Jin H. Scientific and Technological College of Chemistry and Biology, Yantai Univ., Yantai, PR China. J Food Sci. 2011 Aug;76(6):T125-9.